Exponents (Power): pg. 1, 2, 3
Contents:
pg.1…..Exponents (Powers) – about exponents (powers)
About exponents (power)
An exponential expression has the form where is called exponent and is called base.
The exponential expression can be read to the power .
The meaning of is:
Example:
or can be written:
Exponential expressions properties.
1. Addition and subtraction of exponential expressions.
Two exponential expressions cannot be added or subtracted unless they have same base and same exponent.
[1] but if ,
[2] but if ,
2. Multiplication of exponential expressions.
The result of multiplication between two exponential expressions with same base, is an exponential expression that has the same base as the factors’ base and the exponent, the sum of the factors’ exponents.
[3]
Example:
3. Division of exponential expressions.
The result of division between two exponential expressions with same base, is an exponential expression that has the same base as the factors’ base and the exponent, the difference between the factors’ exponents.
[4]
Example:
Note:
If a division has the dividend equal with 1 and the divider an exponential expression, ( ), we can consider that the dividend is [5].
therefore:
Example:
4. When the exponent is 0 the exponential expression is equal with 1 no matter what value the base has.
[5]
Example:
5. When the base is 0 the exponential expression is equal with 0 no matter what value the exponent has.
[6]
Example:
6. When the exponent is 1 the exponential expression is equal with the value of the base. In this case the exponent is not written.
[7]
Example:
7. When the base is 1 the exponential expression is equal with 1 no matter what value the exponent has.
[8]
Example:
8. When the exponent has the value 2, the exponential expression is read m squared.
Example: is read squared.
9. When the exponent has the value 3, the exponential expression is read m cubed.
Example: is read cubed.
10. When multiplying two exponential expresions with different bases and same exponent the result is an exponential expression with same exponent and the base equal with the product between the factor’s bases.
[9]
Example:
or when there is a multiplication of two or more numbers raised to power the result can be written as shown bellow:
[10]
Example:
11. When dividing two exponential expressions with different bases and same exponent the result is an exponential expression with same exponent and the base equal with the quotient between the factor’s bases as shown.
[11]
Example:
or when there is a division of two numbers raised to power the result can be written as shown bellow:
[12]
Example:
12. Raising to the power an exponential expression
The result of raising an exponential expression to the power is an exponential expression that has same base as the factor’s base and as exponent the product between the factor’s exponent and the power.
[13]
Example:
Exponents (Power): pg. 1, 2, 3
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